Manchester

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Adventure Island Jamaica / Parishes / Manchester

West-central Jamaica is home to the parish of Manchester. Manchester was formed in 1814, by an Act of the House of Assembly, making it one of the newest parishes of Jamaica. It was formed as a result of the amalgamation of 3 other parishes, done in response to a petition from the inhabitants of Mile Gully, May Pen and […]

Filed Under: Parishes by admin March 1, 2014, 6:43 pm

West-central Jamaica is home to the parish of Manchester. Manchester was formed in 1814, by an Act of the House of Assembly, making it one of the newest parishes of Jamaica. It was formed as a result of the amalgamation of 3 other parishes, done in response to a petition from the inhabitants of Mile Gully, May Pen and Carpenters Mountain who complained that they were too far away from an administrative centre.

Manchester was named in honour of the Duke of Manchester, the then Governor of Jamaica who was in charge for some 19 years, setting the record as the longest serving governor of the island. The capital town of Mandeville was established in 1816 and was named after his eldest son, Lord Mandeville.

Interestingly, no sugar estates can be found in the parish as coffee was king here so it was coffee plantations that the slaves worked on. After emancipation, the ex-slaves became independent coffee farmers. The Irish potato was first introduced to Jamaica at Bethany, a town in the parish. Mountainous in terrain, Manchester offers a variety of climate, vegetation and scenery. The capital, Mandeville is situated at an elevation of 626 m (2,054 ft) so in addition to its natural beauty, it is usually cool in an island where heat is a given. A thriving business metropolis, Mandeville is home to the Mandeville Hotel, one of the oldest in the Caribbean as it began operations in 1875. The first “Free Library” in Jamaica was established there in 1938 in addition to the oldest Parish Library.

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